Are Cats Color Blind?

Cats have a very similar system to humans, which allows them to distinguish red, blue, and green colors. But unlike humans, cats only have a small number of cones that can detect each color. In fact, there are many more cones in humans than in cats. So, they have a full range of color perception. If your cat is color blind, he may not see the color you’re looking for.

Dichromatism in cats

There are many misconceptions about cat’s vision, but it turns out that their eyes are not the same as human eyes. Cats do not have a full range of colors and are only able to recognize certain colors, such as blue and green. Some cats even have even more limited color vision than humans. People are born with two types of cones, one for light and one for color, and they are all equally effective.

Dichromatic cones

The eye contains two types of photoreceptors, called cones, that help us perceive colors. Color-seeing cats have a majority of dichromatic cones, whereas color-blind cats have a majority of monochromatic cones. Dichromatic cats lack the last cone, which is largely responsible for their dichromatic condition. Fortunately, there are ways to make your cat see colors if you suspect that your pet has color blindness.

Neutral point

Cats have a spectral neutral point that is similar to human deutouranope’s neutral point, which is 505 nm. This is closer than normal trichromats for red-green colorblind individuals. However, cats’ color vision is limited. Hence, cats are prone to the condition. Regardless of the cause of the color blindness, a remedy is required.

Depth perception

If you think your cat is color blind, you are mistaken. It has a normal sense of color, but it lacks the depth perception that humans have. Although it does not have a true sense of color, cats can distinguish between several colors, and they can also see in low light. This is due to the two types of retina cells in their eyes, called cones and rods. Their ability to see in low light is a key adaptation for catching prey.